Measurement of the Thermal Resistance and the Heat Flowexamples|products|Murata Software Co., Ltd.

Example21 Measurement of the Thermal Resistance and the Heat Flow

General

  • Heat flow and thermal resistance are solved with a heat body and heat radiation from boundary.
     

  • For the second model, heat flow and thermal resistance are solved in the arbitrary domain using measuring terminal boundary condition.

Analysis Conditions

Item

Settings

Solver

Thermal Analysis [Watt]

Analysis Space

3D

Analysis Type

Steady-state analysis

Model unit

mm

Options

N/A

Graphical Objects

Two solid box bodies are defined. For the Model 1, body attribute of “heat source” is applied to the end of body and boundary condition of “heat transfer/ambient radiation” is applied to the other end.

For the Model 2, the solid body is cut in the middle and “measuring terminal” boundary condition is applied to the sections.

General mesh size is 1.0

 

Body Attributes and Materials

Body Number/Type

Body Attribute Name

Material Name

0/Solid

BODY

MAT

1/Solid

SOURCE

MAT_SOURCE

 

The heat source of the body attribute [SOURCE] is set as follows.

Body Attribute Name

Tab

Settings

SOURCE

Heat Source

0.0011[W]

 

The thermal conductivity of the material properties [MAT], [MAT_SOURCE] are set as follows.

Material Name

Tab

Setting

MAT

Thermal Conductivity

0.01[W]

MAT_SOURCE

Thermal Conductivity

100[W]

Boundary Conditions

Boundary Condition Name/Topology

Tab

Boundary Condition Type

Settings

AMBIENT/Face

Heat

Heat Transfer/Ambient Radiation

Ambient Temperature: 25 [deg]
Select Natural Convection (automatic calculation)

Select Ambient Radiation (radiation rate)
Ambient Radiation: 0.8

TERMINAL1/Face (for Model 2 only)

Heat

Measuring Terminal

N/A

TERMINAL2/Face (for Model 2 only)

Heat

Measuring Terminal

N/A

 

Results

The vector diagrams of the heat flux of the Models 1 and 2 are shown below. The unit of the color scale is [W/m2].

Compared with the Model 1, the Model 2 has “Measuring terminal” added as the boundary condition. The result is not different from the Model 1.

The heat flux of 10[W/m2] is exhibited in the BODY.

The heat flow in the BODY is 0.001[W] with the section area of 100[mm]

All heat of the heat source of 0.001[W] is flowing upward.

 

The heat flow of the Model 1 is shown in the table below.

 

 

At Q1-2, the heat of 0.001[W] is flowing from the heat source body SOURCE (Terminal 1) is flowing toward the boundary AMBIENT (Terminal 2).

At Q1-Ambient, the heat of 0.001[W] is flowing from the boundary AMBIENT (Terminal 2) toward the ambient.

As natural convection and ambient radiation are set concurrently as boundary conditions, their details are also shown.

 

The heat flow of the Model 2 is shown in the table below.

At Q1-2, the heat of 0.001[W] is flowing from the heat source body SOURCE (Terminal 1) is flowing toward the measuring terminal TERMINAL1 (Terminal 2).

At Q2-3, the heat of 0.001[W] is flowing from the measuring terminal TERMINA1 (Terminal 2) is flowing toward the measuring terminal TERMINAL2 (Terminal 3).

At Q3-4, the heat of 0.001[W] is flowing from the measuring terminal TERMINAL2 (Terminal 3) is flowing toward the boundary AMBIENT (Terminal 4).

 

The thermal resistance of the Model 1 is shown in the table below.

At R1-2, the thermal resistance is 11000[deg/W] across the heat source body SOURCE (Terminal 1) and the boundary AMBIENT (Terminal 2).

With thermal conductivity: 0.01 [W/m/deg], thickness: 11 [mm], and section: 100 [mm],

the theoretical value is 11 x 1e-3 / ( 0.01 * 100 x 1e-6 ) = 11000 [deg/W].

The results and the theoretical value match.

At R2-Ambient, the thermal resistance is 1102[deg/W] across the boundary AMBIENT (Terminal 2) and the ambient.

As natural convection and ambient radiation are set concurrently as boundary conditions, their details are also shown.

 

The thermal resistance of the Model 2 is shown in the table below.

The thermal resistance across the heat source body SOURCE (Terminal 1) and the boundary AMBIENT (Terminal 2) of the Model 1 is
divided at the measuring terminals and details of the thermal resistance are shown.

At R1-2, the thermal resistance is 5000[deg/W] across the heat source body SOURCE (Terminal 1) and the measuring terminal TERMINAL1 (Terminal 2).

At R2-3, the thermal resistance is 1000[deg/W] across the measuring terminal TERMINAL1 (Terminal 2) and the measuring terminal TERMINAL2 (Terminal 3).

At R3-4, the thermal resistance is 5000[deg/W] across the measuring terminal TERMINAL2 (Terminal 3) and the boundary AMBIENT (Terminal 4).

The results are reasonable considering each thickness is 5[mm], 1[mm], and 5[mm].

 

The equivalent circuit of the results is shown as follows.