Deformation due to the Temperature Gradient #4 – Transient Analysisexamples|products|Murata Software Co., Ltd.

Example4 Deformation due to the Temperature Gradient #4 – Transient Analysis

General

  • A bimetal consisting of two different metal plates is analyzed.
    It deforms under the thermal load. The transient analysis visualizes the deformation.
     

  • The deformation, the distributions of the displacement and the mechanical stress over the time are solved.
     

  • Unless specified in the list below, the default conditions will be applied.
     

 

Analysis Space

Item

Settings

Analysis Space

3D

Model unit

mm

 

Analysis Conditions

Select Thermal analysis and Mechanical stress analysis.

Item

Settings

Solvers

Thermal analysis [Watt]
Mechanical stress analysis [Galileo]

Thermal-Analysis Type

Transient analysis

Options

N/A *

* “Thermal Load” is selected by default for the thermal load-mechanical stress coupled analysis. 

 

The Step/Thermal Load tab is set as follows.

Tab

Setting Item

Settings

Step/Thermal Load *

Reference temperature

25[deg]

* The reached temperatures come from the thermal analysis.

* Thermal coupled steps are set up on the transient analysis tab.

 

The transient analysis is set up in transient tab as follows.

Tab

Setting Item

Settings

Transient analysis

Table

Number

Calculation steps

Output steps

Time step [s]

1

10

1

0.1

 

Initial Temperature

25[deg]

Model

Two flat solid bodies are created to form metal plates. One is copper and the other is tungsten. Their coefficients of expansion are different.

As it deforms itself, there is no need to set up the boundary conditions to constrain.
The “”temperature” boundary conditions are set on both ends of the plates.

Body Attributes and Materials

Body Number/Type

Body Attribute Name

Material Name

0/Solid

CU_PLATE

008_Cu *

1/Solid

W_PLATE

005_W

* Available from the Material DB

Boundary Conditions

Thermal analysis is performed based on the boundary conditions below. The resulting temperature distribution is forwarded to mechanical stress analysis.

Boundary Condition Name/Topology

Tab

Boundary Condition Type

Settings

TEMP1/Face

Thermal

Temperature

-10[deg]

TEMP2/Face

Thermal

Temperature

60[deg]

Results

The temperature distributions as a result of Watt are shown below.

 

In 0.2 seconds:

 

In 1.0 seconds:

The temperature gradient gets converged as the time passes.

 

 

The deformations as a result of Galileo are shown below. The color indicates the Z displacement.

 

In 0.2 seconds:

 

In 1.0 seconds:

The bimetal deforms greater with the temperature gradient converged.